Anxiety disorder is a mental phenomenon, a disorder of the nervous system in which a person fears things which are illogical or unrealistic.
A fear of one’s own unexplained physical symptoms is also a symptom of panic disorder. In many cases It’s just a response that is triggered when we perceive some uncertain future events or fear an incoming threat.
It is an awkward mental state in which one can feel strange and confused and it can lead to reduced self-confidence, loss of appetite, sweating, loss of sleep, mental unrest, and headache, affecting normal day-to-day activities and functioning of an individual.
Anxiety Disorders affect about 40 million American adults age 18 years and older. Anxiety can affect any age group and the effects are varied – Anxiety affects many a people at a very young age, but there is no certain time and age at which one may develop an anxiety disorder.
Many people become victims of anxiety disorder owning to some shock or unusual event which they dint see coming and it affects their future response to upcoming events.
Anxiety disorders commonly occur along with other mental or physical illnesses, including alcohol or substance abuse, which may mask anxiety symptoms or make them worse.
Anxiety levels can vary from normal to severe and so can the effects of the disorder. In many a cases it turns out to be a blessing in disguise as a person is better prepared to face the upcoming challenge and the anxiety is reduced to a false alarm.
But in extreme cases it can mar the self-confidence of an individual and can affect anything from his normal daily activities to reducing his work efficiency.
Types of Anxiety
There are various types of anxiety disorders and it is important to diagnose the type and reason causing the anxiety to be able to treat it. Here are some important types of anxiety disorders:
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder – caused by excessive worry about many things.
- Panic Disorder – Sudden, high intensity fear and apprehension.
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) – Repeated thoughts orobsession and compulsive action that cant be controlled.
- Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) – Occurs after a horrifying experience.
- Social Anxiety Disorder – Fear of social events and public embarrassment.
Another frequent form of anxiety that occurs particularly before taking a test or examination is called Test Anxiety. It is very common among students.
Treatment of Anxiety Disorder
In many cases It’s difficult to find reasons’ causing the anxiety and that is the main difficulty in treating anxiety disorders.
There are two main ways in which anxiety disorders are treated. First one involves health professionals who prescribe medication, and the second one is by psychotherapy sometimes referred to as talk therapy, which involves therapists who diagnose symptoms and help a person, get rid of anxiety.
A talk therapy procedure called cognitive behavior therapy or CBT is used frequently.
In addition to the above there are natural ways of dealing with Anxiety disorder that include massage therapy, Aromatherapy, and mind and body techniques like meditation, exercises and yoga.